Legal terms for use of Dnforum.com, LLC
Your access to and use of the Service is conditioned on your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These Terms apply to all visitors, users and others who access or use the Service.
By accessing or using the Service you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the terms then you may not access the Service.
These terms may change without explicit notice. Each top-level section header has a Last updated field that indicates when the last significant change was made to its contents.
Terms of Service - Last updated February 25, 2018 EDT
The providers ("we", "us", "our", "Dnforum.com") of the service provided by this web site ("Service") are not responsible for any user-generated content and accounts ("Content"). Content submitted express the views of their author only.
Content on Dnforum.com is for educational purposes only and is not a substitute for individualized advice from a qualified legal practitioner. Communications on Dnforum.com are not privileged communications and do not create an attorney-client relationship.
You agree to take full responsibility for all Content you submit to the Service. You agree to assume any losses and/or liabilities that result from your Content.
Users marked as Dnforum.com "Staff" are mostly volunteers. Content and opinions from volunteer Staff are their own, not those of the providers. They take full responsibility for their own Content. This includes, for example, Moderators, but does not include employees that are actively paid for being an employee.
You understand that we are not a publisher of Content on our forums. We do not moderate most Content. There are thousands of new posts every day posted on Dnforum.com. If a post is not reported to us, then we most likely will never see it.
You agree to not use the Service to submit or link to any Content that is abusive, unlawfully defamatory, hateful, threatening, spam or spam-like, likely to offend, contains adult or objectionable content (except in explicitly designated areas), contains personal information of others, risks copyright infringement, encourages unlawful activity, or otherwise violates any laws.
We reserve the rights to remove or modify any Content submitted for any reason without explanation. Requests for Content to be removed or modified will be undertaken only at our sole discretion.
You agree not to hold us liable for any loss that may result from the use of the Service.
We reserve the right to reclaim usernames from inactive accounts that have not been accessed for prolonged periods of time (more than 24 months) and reclaimed usernames may be released for availability to the community.
We reserve the right to revoke or repurpose an account's username at any time.
We reserve the right to take action against any account or user within the Service at any time for any reason. This may include restricting or banning the account and/or user.
You are granting us with a non-exclusive, permanent, irrevocable, unlimited license to use, publish, or re-publish your Content in connection with the Service. You retain copyright over the Content.
You agree to follow all rules and guidelines posted by authorized Dnforum.com representatives, as interpreted by Dnforum.com. This includes refraining from any effort to circumvent the rules, terms, or automated systems of this website. Whether any activity is in violation of a rule or guideline is at the sole discretion of Dnforum.com. All Users are expected to follow the rules, but Dnforum.com cannot guarantee that they will do so. We do not guarantee that any rules will be enforced or how they will be enforced.
You agree to create only a single account. This includes banned accounts, accounts created on behalf of business entities, and any other account that may be created by a single entity
User accounts are for exclusive use by the individual or entity that created the account; they are not "owned" by anyone. You agree to not license, transfer, sell, or assign your user account without written approval from Dnforum.com Management. You are responsible for your password and the activity that occurs through your account. User accounts may not be used by multiple people without written approval from Dnforum.com Management. With the exception of people or businesses that are expressly authorized to create accounts on behalf of their employers or clients, the creation of an account for anyone other than yourself is prohibited.
You agree not to use Tor, a VPN, SOCKS, or any other proxying mechanism ("proxy") that masks your computer's identity on the Internet ("IP address") unless such a proxy is necessary to access the Service. If you require the use of a proxy for another reason, you agree to obtain written permission from Dnforum.com before posting any content via the proxy, and within 24 hours of your first use of the proxy to access Dnforum.com. If the request is denied, or remains unanswered/indeterminate for more than 72 hours, you agree to cease using the proxy to access Dnforum.com unless you are later granted written permission stating otherwise. Under no condition will you deny the use of a proxy if you are using or have used one, nor will you refuse to provide accurate information in a timely fashion about the proxy, when the proxy was used, or your real IP address, when asked for such information by Dnforum.com staff, even if you have been granted written permission to use a proxy or must use a proxy to access the Service. Requests for permission to use a proxy should be e-mailed to techsupport@Dnforum.com.com. Users accessing the service from within Iran or mainland China are granted implicit permission to use proxies as necessary.
You may not make unauthorized use of, reproduce, prepare derivative works of, distribute copies of Dnforum.com copyrights, trademarks or any confusingly similar marks, design rights, patents, or other intellectual property rights (registered and unregistered) including, but not limited to Dnforum.com graphics, text, website compilation, photographs, images, software, code, video, audio, and advertisements supplied by us or our licensors, except when granted written permission by the Dnforum.com Managing Director. This does not apply to user-generated content as long as proper citation and judicious restraint is used.
You agree that you are at least 13 years of age at the time of creating your account and at least 18 years of age when using the marketplace.
You agree that all of your registration information is accurate when you created your account and that you will maintain the accuracy of such information.
These Terms of Service supersede all past and existing agreements. We may change these terms at any time without explicit notice. Your use of this website after modifications to these terms constitutes that you agree to them.
You agree to abide by all international and federal regulations in the United States. Your region may enforce additional restrictions that apply to your use of the Service.
If any portion(s) or clause(s) of these terms is/are deemed invalid or unenforceable, then those portion(s) or clause(s) will be updated in accordance with the tenor of the terms, and to the reasonable extent necessary for enforceability. If no such change is possible, then those portion(s) or clause(s) shall be severed and the remaining portion(s) and clause(s) of these terms will remain in effect and enforced.
When you create an account with us, you must provide us information that is accurate, complete, and current at all times. Failure to do so constitutes a breach of the Terms, which may result in immediate termination of your account on our Service. You are responsible for safeguarding the password that you use to access the Service and for any activities or actions under your password, whether your password is with our Service or a third-party service. You agree not to disclose your password to any third party. You must notify us immediately upon becoming aware of any breach of security or unauthorized use of your account. You may not use as a username the name of another person or entity or that is not lawfully available for use, a name or trade mark that is subject to any rights of another person or entity other than you without appropriate authorization, or a name that is otherwise offensive, vulgar or obscene.
If you wish to purchase any product or service made available through the Service ("Purchase"), you may be asked to supply certain information relevant to your Purchase including, without limitation, your credit card number, the expiration date of your credit card, your billing address, and your shipping information. You represent and warrant that: (i) you have the legal right to use any credit card(s) or other payment method(s) in connection with any Purchase; and that (ii) the information you supply to us is true, correct and complete. By submitting such information, you grant us the right to provide the information to third parties for purposes of facilitating the completion of Purchases. We reserve the right to refuse or cancel your order at any time for certain reasons including but not limited to: product or service availability, errors in the description or price of the product or service, error in your order or other reasons. We reserve the right to refuse or cancel your order if fraud or an unauthorized or illegal transaction is suspected. We also do not provide refunds for services which you ordered. If we decide to provide you with a refund on a one time basis that is at our sole discretion and does not obviate any aart of this agreement.
These Terms shall be governed, construed in accordance with the laws of Gibraltar and have sole jurisdiction and venue in Gibraltar, without regard to its conflict of law provisions. Our failure to enforce any right or provision of these Terms will not be considered a waiver of those rights. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable by a court, the remaining provisions of these Terms will remain in effect. These Terms constitute the entire agreement between us regarding our Service, and supersede and replace any prior agreements we might have between us regarding the Service. If you or your attorney or other representative have an account to access Dnforum.com you have agreed to these terms and specifically agree to binding arbitration using WIPO ADR. Appeal shall be solely pertaining to the question of whether arbitration is appropriate.
"DNFORUM.COM" the Dnforum.com design, our site names and logos, as well as certain other names, logos, and materials displayed in the Services constitute trademarks, trade names, service marks or logos ("Marks") of ours. You are not authorized to use any such marks. Ownership of all such marks and the associated goodwill remains with us.
You agree to indemnify, defend, and hold harmless us, our parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, officers, directors, employees, consultants, subcontractors and agents from and against any and all claims, liabilities, damages, losses, costs, expenses, fees (including reasonable attorney fees) that such parties may incur as a result of or arising from your (or anyone using your accounts) violation of these Terms. We reserve the right, at our own expense, to assume the exclusive defense and control of any matter otherwise subject to indemnification by you, and in such case, you agree to cooperate with our defense of such claim.
We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to modify or replace these Terms at any time. If a revision is material we will try to provide at least 30 days’ notice prior to any new terms taking effect by posting in the Forum. What constitutes a material change will be determined at our sole discretion. By continuing to access or use our Service after those revisions become effective, you agree to be bound by the revised terms. If you do not agree to the new terms, please stop using the Service.
Your use of the Service is at your sole risk. The Service is provided on an "AS IS" and "AS AVAILABLE" basis. The Service is provided without warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement or course of performance. Dnforum.com its subsidiaries, affiliates, and its licensors do not warrant that a) the Service will function uninterrupted, secure or available at any particular time or location; b) any errors or defects will be corrected; c) the Service is free of viruses or other harmful components; or d) the results of using the Service will meet your requirements. We are constantly updating our offerings of products and services on the Service. The products or services available on our Service may be mispriced, described inaccurately, or unavailable, and we may experience delays in updating information on the Service and in our advertising on other web sites. We cannot and do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information, including prices, product images, specifications, availability, and services. We reserve the right to change or update information and to correct errors, inaccuracies, or omissions at any time without prior notice.
Our failure to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If any provision of these Terms is found by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, you nevertheless agree that the court shall give effect to the intentions of us and you as reflected in the provision, and that the other provisions of these terms remain in full force and effect. If we do not insist immediately that you do anything you are required to do under these terms, or if we delay in taking steps against you in respect of your breaking these terms, that will not mean that you do not have to do those things and it will not prevent us taking steps against you at a later date.
Both parties are independent contractors of each other. Neither party shall be deemed an employee, agent, partner, joint venture or legal representative of the other for any purpose, and neither shall have any right, power or authority to create any obligation or responsibility on behalf of the other, solely as a result of these Terms.
We may terminate or suspend your account immediately, without prior notice or liability, for any reason whatsoever, including without limitation if you breach the Terms. Upon termination, your right to use the Service will immediately cease. If you wish to terminate your account, you may simply discontinue using the Service.
In no event shall Dnforum.com, nor its directors, employees, partners, agents, suppliers, or affiliates, be liable for any indirect, incidental, special, consequential or punitive damages, including without limitation, loss of profits, data, use, goodwill, or other intangible losses, resulting from (i) your access to or use of or inability to access or use the Service; (ii) any conduct or content of any third party on the Service; (iii) any content obtained from the Service; and (iv) unauthorized access, use or alteration of your transmissions or content, whether based on warranty, contract, tort (including negligence) or any other legal theory, whether or not we have been informed of the possibility of such damage, and even if a remedy set forth herein is found to have failed of its essential purpose. You specifically agree that under no circumstances shall we be liable for any amount greater than $500 as liquidated damages even if we have been informed of the possibility and are negligent or even grossly negligent.
All Content you submit or upload may be reviewed by staff members. All Content you submit or upload may be sent to third-party verification services (including, but not limited to, spam prevention services). Do not submit any Content that you consider to be private or confidential. Deleted Content is still visible to some staff members.
We make a reasonable effort to ensure the integrity and intended privacy of Content. However, we cannot guarantee that private Content will not be accessed by unauthorized users. This Service is not confidential: do not submit or upload Content that must remain confidential.
Our Service utilizes various data ("Data") collection methods to generate analytical information, track problems and errors, monitor hardware and software infrastructure, provide personalized advertising, and/or prevent malicious activity. Reputable third-party entities ("Data Collectors") assist in some Data collection. Not all Data is anonymous. Data Collectors have strict privacy policies. Access to Data is restricted to select staff. IP addresses used to submit or upload Content are available to most staff; sensitive Data, such as contact information, is more restricted.
We do not directly disclose personal information to third parties without opt-in consent, except as necessary to provide the Service. For example, e-mail addresses may be disclosed to a third party in order to efficiently and effectively send e-mails. We treat such third parties as Data Collectors, as they may have access to some Data.
Integrity of personal information is the responsibility of the end user ("User"). Users can view, edit, and remove their own personal information using the Service. We are not responsible for unauthorized access to and/or manipulation of personal information, though we take reasonable measures to prevent and detect such occurrences. Other Data, such as IP address and routing history, cannot usually be viewed, edited or removed by Users. Users who have been banned or otherwise barred from accessing the Service may request that any Personally Identifiable Information be removed by emailing techsupport@Dnforum.com.
We reserve the right to release information about a User in the event that User or an entity that the User represents is found to have been conducting/aiding, or be planning to conduct/aid, illegal activities, fraudulent activities, and/or unethical business practices at our sole discretion. This information may be released in a variety of manners, including (but not limited to): to law enforcement, published publicly as a cautionary measure, or shared with select entities who may be at risk.
You agree to ensure the integrity of any encryption implementations ("Encryption") that the Service employs, including HTTPS (HTTP over SSL or TLS). You must not undermine the Encryption or allow third parties to intercept unencrypted communications with the Service. If regional laws and/or organizations prevent you from using Encryption, you must not use the Service. You must not allow proxying servers to decrypt communications with the Service.
We own all rights, title, and interests in any compilation, collective work or other derivative work created by us using or incorporating your content (but not your original content). When you use a feature on the Services that allows users to share, transform, readapt, modify, or combine user content with other content, you grant us and our users an irrevocable, non-exclusive, royalty free, perpetual, right and license in the universe to use, reproduce, modify, display, remix, perform, distribute, redistribute, adapt, promote, create derivative works, and syndicate your content in any medium and through any form of technology or distribution and to permit any derivative works to be licensed under these same license terms. This term shall survive termination of this agreement.
This list may not be exhaustive.
Dnforum.com does not knowingly share non-public Personally Identifiable Information with third-party Data Collectors that do not require such information. Data Collectors known to require Personally Identifiable Information from Users are marked with an asterisk (*).
Most Data Collectors can inadvertently receive and process Personally Identifiable Information if instructed to do so by a User.
Several Data Collectors may attempt to retrieve public information associated with an internet alias (username, email address, IP address, etc.).
PayPal processes various types of electronic payments on behalf of Dnforum.com. When payments occur, PayPal provides Dnforum.com with some of the information that it has stored. Such information typically includes person or business name, email address, and sometimes telephone number. Dnforum.com may use this information for billing and technical support purposes, as well as fraud prevention.
In order to function, PayPal requires the use of Personally Identifiable Information. This information must by entered by the User directly on the PayPal website.
Some of our advertisers request to track clicks and/or views of their ads through an analytics service such as DoubleClick. (DoubleClick is a brand of services operated by Google; our relationship with them is covered in the Google section.) Once data has been collected by the analytics service, it can be accessed by the specific advertiser implementing the service. At that point, protection and responsible utilization of the data is up to the advertiser.
Other Third Parties
As with any Internet service, information can, in theory, be intercepted by unknown third-parties through whom that information is traveling. Depending on regional laws and regulations, your use of Dnforum.com services may be subject to interception by organizations such as ISPs and governments. To mitigate the possibility of passive interception, Dnforum.com attempts to encrypt traffic between your computer and our servers, even within our own network. This encryption, colloquially referred to as SSL, provides an industry-standard guarantee that your communication with Dnforum.com services cannot be decrypted by intermediary parties.
Dnforum.com cannot make an absolute guarantee that your data will not be intercepted. It is the responsibility of individual users to ensure the security of their respective connections and browsers.
Return and Refund Policy
Digital purchases from Dnforum.com are not physical items and therefore cannot be returned.
All purchases from Dnforum.com are non-refundable but may be refunded at our sole discretion. You can request a refund by visiting our Contact Us page.
Subscriptions for upgraded accounts can be cancelled by subscribers at any time by visiting Account Upgrades.
Dnforum.com uses a third party payment processor for all credit card purchases and subscriptions. We accepts most major credit cards from anywhere in the world. The system is PCI/PCI-DSS Compliant, utilizes CVC verification technology, and safeguards your data with the latest protection technologies. Dnforum.com does not store your financial information. All of your financial data is managed in a secure manner on behalf of Dnforum.com.
Dnforum.com will provide you with customer service to resolve any issues relating to your payment transactions of products and services offered by Dnforum.com.
Stripe reserves the right to not authorize or settle any transaction you submit which they believe is in violation of this Agreement, any other Stripe agreement, or exposes you, other Stripe users, Dnforum.com users, Dnforum.com, Stripe's processors or Stripe to harm, including but not limited to fraud and other criminal acts. You are hereby granting Dnforum.com and Stripe authorization to share information with law enforcement about you, your transactions, or your account if they reasonably suspect that your use of Stripe through Dnforum.com has been for an unauthorized, illegal, or criminal purpose.
You are responsible for paying for each subscription billing period in advance. Chargebacks, disputes, inaccurate information, fraud, or other billing difficulties may result in your forum account being banned or suspended, at our sole discretion. If access to your account is revoked for any reason, you will not be refunded.
As our users come from a wide range of geographical regions with varying types of technology, we do not guarantee accessibility or uptime. We will do our best to provide a reasonable degree of technical support at our discretion. To ensure that you retain full access to the site, we recommend that you only use up-to-date web browsers and operating systems
Dnforum.com is an industry leader when it comes to protecting your privacy and information. Our hope is that by setting a good example, we will encourage other businesses to follow in our footsteps. We offer various state-of-the-art security features, including:
HTTPS: We enforce a secure web connection between you and our servers. Users who attempt to connect over insecure HTTP will be redirected to a secure URL.
Insecure SSL versions are disabled: Typically, web browsers don't use SSL; they use its successor, TLS, instead. All versions of SSL are broken and insecure, so we only permit TLS connections. TLS works just like SSL, from the perspective of an end user so you shouldn't notice a difference. Web servers that support SSL at all—even if they also support TLS—are insecure and should not be trusted with personal information.
External content is proxied if insecure: When users post insecure images on our site, we cache them and serve them to you via a secure connection. This way, your browser won't give you any warnings about insecure content, any attackers will have a much harder time causing trouble, and websites hosting linked images won't be able to gather information about your browsing habits on Dnforum.com.
HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS): Up-to-date versions of Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Safari will remember that our website enforces security for about 180 days. If a government or Internet Service Provider tries to trick your browser into using an insecure connection, compatible browsers will refuse and give you a warning. Unfortunately, Internet Explorer does not yet support HSTS. Safari only has support from OS X Mavericks onward.
HSTS preloading: On January 20, 2015, we were added to Chromium's HSTS preload list. Once the changes make their way into the latest stable builds of Chrome, Firefox, and Safari, those browsers will know to use a secure connection when contacting Dnforum.com out-of-the-box. They will refuse to connect to Dnforum.com in an insecure fashion, even on the first visit. This significantly increases security when browsing Dnforum.com from locations susceptible to man-in-the-middle attacks, such as public Wi-Fi networks.
DMARC and DKIM: The e-mail protocol is largely anonymous: it is quite a simple matter to send an e-mail appearing to be from someone else. To mitigate this issue, we sign all of our e-mail messages per DKIM. On its own, this wouldn't prevent inauthentic messages. When an e-mail appearing to be from Dnforum.com is received by a participating provider, it is thoroughly inspected to ensure that it is authentic. If it fails to pass a variety of tests, the provider will send us a report notifying us of attempted impersonation, and the e-mail will be declined. GoDaddy, NameCheap, and similar hosting providers do not appear to implement DMARC, as we do not receive regular reports from them. To ensure that the e-mails you are receiving are legitimate, please use an e-mail address hosted with a participating provider that values your security as much as we do. We've noted participation from Gmail/Google Apps, Outlook.com/Office 365/Hotmail, FastMail, NetEase/网易/163.com/126.com, Comcast, and Mail.Ru, along with a few smaller providers. We have also seen some participation from Yahoo, but it does not appear to cover all of their services.
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
We reserve the right to redistribute and/or publicize any communication regarding DMCA takedown requests, regardless of any confidentiality statements in documents, e-mails, or other communications. We do not agree to any confidentiality agreements in DMCA- and intellectual property-related communications, and are declining up front. Confidentiality notices in e-mails, letters, and other communications regarding such matters will not be honored. By communicating with us regarding any DMCA or intellectual property matters, you agree to forfeit confidentiality.
By contacting us about DMCA takedown requests, copyright infringement, and/or other intellectual property matters, you agree to forfeit all confidentiality, regardless of any notices requesting otherwise.
DMCA takedown requests should be sent to dmca@Dnforum.com as well as firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you wish to contact us other than via email please contact our council at:
Law Offices of Greenberg & Lieberman
1775 Eye St NW, Suite 1150, Wash, DC 20006
Requests sent elsewhere are still subject to the above terms.